Tuesday, 11 December 2007

Most Commonly Used SEO Terms

Link Text/Anchor Text
Link Text/Anchor text refers to the text around which the hyperlink is placed. For example:

[a href="http://www.seosuperstars.blogspot.com/"]Link Text/Anchor Text[/a]

Bot/Spider
Bot is short for robot. Refers to a program created by the owners of a search engine that crawls the web. Spiders/bots differ in function, from producing e-mail addresses for spammers to cataloguing web pages for search engines.

Cloaking
Cloaking refers to the practice of showing a different page to a human visitor and a different page to a search engine spider. This practice is misused by spammers to stuff keywords. Cloaking violates the Terms of Service for the majority of search engines and may even get your site banned.

Conversion
Conversion relates to traffic that follows through on the goal of the site (such as purchases made on-line, filling out a contact form, registering for a newsletter, etc.). Webmasters measure conversion to moderate the efficiency and return on investment (and ROI) of pay per click (PPC) and other marketing operations.

Back Link
A link on another webpage which points to the to another webpage, also known as an inbound link.


CPC
Means Cost Per Click. Used to measure the amount agreed to by the PPC campaigner and search engine when bidding for keywords.

CTA
Stands for Content Targeted Advertising. It refers to the placement of PPC ads relevant to the landing pages of a link.

CTR
Abbreviation for Click Through Rate. It is a ratio of clicks per impressions in a PPC campaign.

Doorway Page
Same as67 a gateway page. A doorway page exists solely for the purpose of driving traffic to another page. They are usually designed and optimized to target one specific key-phrase. Doorway pages rarely are written for human visitors. They are written for search engines to achieve high rankings and hopefully drive traffic to the main site. Using doorway pages is a violation of the Terms Of Service of most search engines and could be grounds for banning.

FFA
Abbreviation for Free For All. FFA sites post large lists of unrelated links to anyone and everyone. FFA sites and the links they provide are basically useless. Humans do not use them and search engines minimize their importance in ranking formulas.

Gateway Page
Also called a doorway page. A gateway page exists solely for the purpose of driving traffic to another page. They are usually designed and optimized to target one specific keyphrase. Gateway pages rarely are written for human visitors. They are written for search engines to achieve high rankings and hopefully drive traffic to the main site. Using gateway pages is a violation of the Terms Of Service of most search engines and could be grounds for banning.

IBL
Abbreviation for In Bound Link. Any link on another page that points to the subject page. Also called a back link.

Keyword/Keyphrase
Keywords are words which are used in search engine queries. Keyphrases are multi-word phrases used in search engine queries. SEO is the process of optimizing web pages for keywords and keyphrases so that they rank highly in the results returned for search queries.

Keyword Stuffing
Keyword stuffing refers to the practice of adding superfluous keywords to a web page. The words are added for the 'benefit' of search engines and not human visitors. The words may or may not be visible to human visitors. While not necessarily a violation of search engine Terms of Service, at least when the words are visible to humans, it detracts from the impact of a page (it looks like spam). It is also possible that search engines may discount the importance of large blocks of text that do not conform to grammatical structures (ie. lists of disconnected keywords). There is no valid reason for engaging in this practice.

Link Farm
A link farm is a group of separate, highly interlinked websites for the purposes of inflating link popularity (or PR). Engaging in a link farm is a violation of the Terms Of Service of most search engines and could be grounds for banning.

Mirror
In SEO parlance, a mirror is a near identical duplicate website (or page). Mirrors are commonly used in an effort to target different keywords/keyphrases. Using mirrors is a violation of the Terms Of Service of most search engines and could be grounds for banning.

PFI
Abbreviation for Pay For Inclusion. Many search engines offer a PFI program to assure frequent spidering / indexing of a site (or page). PFI does not guarantee that a site will be ranked highly (or at all) for a given search term. It just offers webmasters the opportunity to quickly incorporate changes to a site into a search engine's index. This can be useful for experimenting with tweaking a site and judging the resultant effects on the rankings.

Portal
Designation for websites that are either authoritative hubs for a given subject or popular content driven sites (like Yahoo) that people use as their homepage. Most portals offer significant content and offer advertising opportunities for relevant sites.

PPC
Abbreviation for Pay Per Click. An advertising model where advertisers pay only for the traffic generated by their ads.

PR
Abbreviation for PageRank - Google's trademark for their proprietary measure of link popularity for web pages. Google offers a PR viewer on their Toolbar.

Robots.txt
Robots.txt is a file which well behaved spiders read to determine which parts of a website they may visit.

SEM
Abbreviation for Search Engine Marketing. SEM encompasses SEO and search engine paid advertising options (banners, PPC, etc.)

SEO
Abbreviation for Search Engine Optimization. SEO covers the process of
making web pages spider friendly (so search engines can read them)
making web pages relevant to desired keyphrases

SERP
Abbreviation for Search Engine Results Page/Positioning. This refers to the organic (excluding paid listings) search results for a given query.

Spam
In the SEO vernacular, this refers to manipulation techniques that violate search engines Terms of Service and are designed to achieve higher rankings for a web page. Obviously, spam could be grounds for banning.

Spamdexing
Spamdexing was describes the efforts to spam a search engine's index. Spamdexing is a violation of the Terms Of Service of most search engines and could be grounds for banning.

Spider
Also called a bot (or robot). Spiders are software programs that scan the web. They vary in purpose from indexing web pages for search engines to harvesting e-mail addresses for spammers.

Spider Trap
A spider trap refers to either a continuous loop where spiders are requesting pages and the server is requesting data to render the page or an intentional scheme designed to identify (and "ban") spiders that do not respect robots.txt.

White hat
An ethical SEO method that follows search engine TOS.

Grey hat
An SEO using both methods.

Link building
A method of creating back-links to your own website.

Stop Word
Stop words are words that are ignored by search engines when indexing web pages and processing search queries. Common words such as "the".

Black hat
This is Unethical SEO. Search Engine Optimization techniques that defy search engine TOS.


I hope you found these helpful. There was no body there to help me understand the meaning of the majority of these words, I had to learn what they meant the hard way.

2 comments:

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Nickolei @ seo services philippines said...

Thanks for sharing those terms . I am sure many people will also find your post very helpful especially the newbie.

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